Memos API 调用渲染页面

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这篇文章介绍了如何使用Memos API调用渲染嘀咕、微语、说说类的静态页面。首先需要找到自己Memos实例的API,并在合适的位置放置一个CSS选择器作为展示Memos的容器。大多数网站只需要在新建页面中加入相应代码即可。文章还提供了完整的HTML示例和相关插件的参考资料。

*更新:已把 Memos 剥离出一个完整的应用,可独立部署,到 eallion/memos.top 这个仓库下载部署到网站根目录即可。
*HUGO:如果使用的是 Hugo 博客框架,可以参考本站的方法:layouts/_default/memos.html

本文介绍如何调用 Memos API 渲染嘀咕、微语、说说类的静态页面

DEMO1 嘀咕:https://eallion.com/memos
DEMO2 示例:https://memos.top

注:现阶段只能展示 PUBLIC 属性的 Memos

首先找到自己 Memos 实例的 API,如:

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https://memos.example.com/api/memo?creatorId=101&rowStatus=NORMAL&limit=10

creatorId - 这是用户ID,以前创建的实例 ID 是101,新版本创建的实例 ID 是1

  1. HTML代码

如果是集成到自己的网站,在合适的位置需要放置一个 CSS 选择器作为展示 Memos 的容器。
大多数网站只需要在新建页面中加入这一句就可以了。

核心代码:

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<div id="memos" class="memos"></div>

完整 HTML 示例:

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<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
    <meta name="referrer" content="no-referrer">
    <link rel="icon" href="/assets/img/logo.webp" type="image/*" />
    <link href="assets/css/style.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css">
    <link href="assets/css/APlayer.min.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css">
    <link href="assets/css/highlight.github.min.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css">
    <link href="assets/css/custom.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css">
    <title>Memos Top</title>

</head>

<body>
    <header>
        <div class="menu">
            <div class="title">Memos</a></div>

            <div class="pages">
                    <a href="https://github.com/eallion/memos.top" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="">GitHub</a>
                    <a href="https://eallion.com/memos" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="">I'm Feeling Lucky</a>
            </div>

        </div>
        
        <div class='theme-toggle'>🌓</div>

    </header>

    <section id="main" class="container">
        <h1>Memos Top</h1>

        <blockquote>
            <p>Je <del>memos</del>, donc je suis - <em>René Descartes fans</em></p>
        </blockquote>

        <div class="total">Total <span id="total">0</span> Memos 🎉</div>

        <div id="memos" class="memos">
            <!-- Memos Container -->
        </div>

    </section>

    <footer class="markdown-body footer">
        <p>Copyright @
            <script>
                document.write(new Date().getFullYear())
            </script><a href="https://eallion.com/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="hidden">Charles
                'eallion' Chin</a> All Rights Reserved.
        </p>

    </footer>

    <!-- 修改自己的 Memos 设置 -->
    <script type="text/javascript">
        var memos = {
            host: 'https://demo.usememos.com/',  //修改为自己部署 Memos 的网址,末尾有 / 斜杠
            limit: '10',  //默认每次显示 10条
            creatorId: '101',  //默认为 101用户 https://demo.usememos.com/u/101
            domId: '#memos',  //默认为 #memos
            username: 'memos',  //发布者 ID 自定义
            name: 'Official Demo',  //发布者全称自定义
        }

    </script>
    <script type="text/javascript" src="assets/js/lazyload.min.js?v=17.8.3"></script>
    <script type="text/javascript" src="assets/js/marked.min.js?v=4.2.2"></script>
    <script type="text/javascript" src="assets/js/view-image.min.js"></script>
    <!-- <script type="text/javascript" src="assets/js/pangu.min.js?v=4.0.7"></script> -->
    <script type="text/javascript" src="assets/js/moment.min.js?v=2.29.4"></script>
    <script type="text/javascript" src="assets/js/moment.twitter.js"></script>
    <script type="text/javascript" src="assets/js/APlayer.min.js"></script>
    <script type="text/javascript" src="assets/js/Meting.min.js"></script>
    <script type="text/javascript" src="assets/js/highlight.min.js"></script>
    <script type="text/javascript" src="assets/js/main.js"></script>
    <script type="text/javascript" src="assets/js/custom.js"></script>
    <script>hljs.highlightAll();</script>
</body>

</html>
  1. JS 处理 API 数据
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// Memos Start
var memo = {
    host: 'https://demo.usememos.com/',
    limit: '10',
    creatorId: '101',
    domId: '#memos',
    username: 'Admin',
    name: 'Administrator'
}
if (typeof (memos) !== "undefined") {
    for (var key in memos) {
        if (memos[key]) {
            memo[key] = memos[key];
        }
    }
}

var limit = memo.limit
var memos = memo.host
var memoUrl = memos + "api/memo?creatorId=" + memo.creatorId + "&rowStatus=NORMAL"
var page = 1,
    offset = 0,
    nextLength = 0,
    nextDom = '';
var memoDom = document.querySelector(memo.domId);
var load = '<button class="load-btn button-load">努力加载中……</button>'
if (memoDom) {
    memoDom.insertAdjacentHTML('afterend', load);
    getFirstList() // 首次加载数据
    var btn = document.querySelector("button.button-load");
    btn.addEventListener("click", function () {
        btn.textContent = '努力加载中……';
        updateHTMl(nextDom)
        if (nextLength < limit) { // 返回数据条数小于限制条数,隐藏
            document.querySelector("button.button-load").remove()
            return
        }
        getNextList()
    });
}

function getFirstList() {
    var memoUrl_first = memoUrl + "&limit=" + limit;
    fetch(memoUrl_first).then(res => res.json()).then(resdata => {
        updateHTMl(resdata.data)
        var nowLength = resdata.data.length
        if (nowLength < limit) { // 返回数据条数小于 limit 则直接移除“加载更多”按钮,中断预加载
            document.querySelector("button.button-load").remove()
            return
        }
        page++
        offset = limit * (page - 1)
        getNextList()
    });
}
// 预加载下一页数据
function getNextList() {
    var memoUrl_next = memoUrl + "&limit=" + limit + "&offset=" + offset;
    fetch(memoUrl_next).then(res => res.json()).then(resdata => {
        nextDom = resdata.data
        nextLength = nextDom.length
        page++
        offset = limit * (page - 1)
        if (nextLength < 1) { // 返回数据条数为 0 ,隐藏
            document.querySelector("button.button-load").remove()
            return
        }
    })
}
// 插入 html
function updateHTMl(data) {
    var memoResult = "", resultAll = "";

    // 解析 TAG 标签,添加样式
    const TAG_REG = /#([^\s#]+?) /g;

    // 解析 BiliBili
    const BILIBILI_REG = /<a\shref="https:\/\/www\.bilibili\.com\/video\/((av[\d]{1,10})|(BV([\w]{10})))\/?">.*<\/a>/g;
    // 解析网易云音乐
    const NETEASE_MUSIC_REG = /<a\shref="https:\/\/music\.163\.com\/.*id=([0-9]+)".*?>.*<\/a>/g;
    // 解析 QQ 音乐
    const QQMUSIC_REG = /<a\shref="https\:\/\/y\.qq\.com\/.*(\/[0-9a-zA-Z]+)(\.html)?".*?>.*?<\/a>/g;
    // 解析腾讯视频
    const QQVIDEO_REG = /<a\shref="https:\/\/v\.qq\.com\/.*\/([a-z|A-Z|0-9]+)\.html".*?>.*<\/a>/g;
    // 解析 Spotify
    const SPOTIFY_REG = /<a\shref="https:\/\/open\.spotify\.com\/(track|album)\/([\s\S]+)".*?>.*<\/a>/g;
    // 解析优酷视频
    const YOUKU_REG = /<a\shref="https:\/\/v\.youku\.com\/.*\/id_([a-z|A-Z|0-9|==]+)\.html".*?>.*<\/a>/g;
    //解析 Youtube
    const YOUTUBE_REG = /<a\shref="https:\/\/www\.youtube\.com\/watch\?v\=([a-z|A-Z|0-9]{11})\".*?>.*<\/a>/g;

    // Marked Options
    marked.setOptions({
        breaks: true,
        smartypants: true,
        langPrefix: 'language-',
        highlight: function (code, lang) {
            const language = hljs.getLanguage(lang) ? lang : 'plaintext';
            return hljs.highlight(code, { language }).value;
        },
    });

    // Memos Content
    for (var i = 0; i < data.length; i++) {
        var memoContREG = data[i].content
            .replace(TAG_REG, "<span class='tag-span'><a rel='noopener noreferrer' href='#'>#$1</a></span> ")

        // For CJK language users
        // 用 PanguJS 自动处理中英文混合排版
        // 在 index.html 引入 JS:<script type="text/javascript" src="assets/js/pangu.min.js?v=4.0.7"></script>
        // 把下面的 memoContREG = marked.parse(memoContREG) 改为:memoContREG = marked.parse(pangu.spacing(memoContREG))

        memoContREG = marked.parse(memoContREG)
            .replace(BILIBILI_REG, "<div class='video-wrapper'><iframe src='//player.bilibili.com/player.html?bvid=$1&as_wide=1&high_quality=1&danmaku=0' scrolling='no' border='0' frameborder='no' framespacing='0' allowfullscreen='true' style='position:absolute;height:100%;width:100%;'></iframe></div>")
            .replace(YOUTUBE_REG, "<div class='video-wrapper'><iframe src='https://www.youtube.com/embed/$1' title='YouTube video player' frameborder='0' allow='accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture' allowfullscreen title='YouTube Video'></iframe></div>")
            .replace(NETEASE_MUSIC_REG, "<meting-js auto='https://music.163.com/#/song?id=$1'></meting-js>")
            .replace(QQMUSIC_REG, "<meting-js auto='https://y.qq.com/n/yqq/song$1.html'></meting-js>")
            .replace(QQVIDEO_REG, "<div class='video-wrapper'><iframe src='//v.qq.com/iframe/player.html?vid=$1' allowFullScreen='true' frameborder='no'></iframe></div>")
            .replace(SPOTIFY_REG, "<div class='spotify-wrapper'><iframe style='border-radius:12px' src='https://open.spotify.com/embed/$1/$2?utm_source=generator&theme=0' width='100%' frameBorder='0' allowfullscreen='' allow='autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; fullscreen; picture-in-picture' loading='lazy'></iframe></div>")
            .replace(YOUKU_REG, "<div class='video-wrapper'><iframe src='https://player.youku.com/embed/$1' frameborder=0 'allowfullscreen'></iframe></div>")
            .replace(YOUTUBE_REG, "<div class='video-wrapper'><iframe src='https://www.youtube.com/embed/$1' title='YouTube video player' frameborder='0' allow='accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture' allowfullscreen title='YouTube Video'></iframe></div>")

        // 解析内置资源文件 
        if (data[i].resourceList && data[i].resourceList.length > 0) {
            var resourceList = data[i].resourceList;
            var imgUrl = '', resUrl = '', resImgLength = 0;
            for (var j = 0; j < resourceList.length; j++) {
                var resType = resourceList[j].type.slice(0, 5);
                var resexlink = resourceList[j].externalLink;
                var resLink = ''
                if (resexlink) {
                    resLink = resexlink
                } else {
                    resLink = memos + 'o/r/' + resourceList[j].id + '/' + resourceList[j].filename
                }
                if (resType == 'image') {
                    imgUrl += '<img loading="lazy" src="    ' + resLink + '"/>'
                    resImgLength = resImgLength + 1
                }
                if (resType !== 'image') {
                    resUrl += '<a target="_blank" rel="noreferrer" href="' + resLink + '">' + resourceList[j].filename + '</a>'
                }
            }
            if (imgUrl) {
                var resImgGrid = ""
                if (resImgLength !== 1) { var resImgGrid = "grid grid-" + resImgLength }
                memoContREG += '<div class="resimg ' + resImgGrid + '">' + imgUrl + '</div>'
            }
            if (resUrl) {
                memoContREG += '<p class="datasource">' + resUrl + '</p>'
            }
        }
        memoResult += '<li class="timeline"><div class="memos__content"><div class="memos__text"><div class="memos__userinfo"><div>' + memo.name + '</div><div><svg viewBox="0 0 24 24" aria-label="认证账号" class="memos__verify"><g><path d="M22.5 12.5c0-1.58-.875-2.95-2.148-3.6.154-.435.238-.905.238-1.4 0-2.21-1.71-3.998-3.818-3.998-.47 0-.92.084-1.336.25C14.818 2.415 13.51 1.5 12 1.5s-2.816.917-3.437 2.25c-.415-.165-.866-.25-1.336-.25-2.11 0-3.818 1.79-3.818 4 0 .494.083.964.237 1.4-1.272.65-2.147 2.018-2.147 3.6 0 1.495.782 2.798 1.942 3.486-.02.17-.032.34-.032.514 0 2.21 1.708 4 3.818 4 .47 0 .92-.086 1.335-.25.62 1.334 1.926 2.25 3.437 2.25 1.512 0 2.818-.916 3.437-2.25.415.163.865.248 1.336.248 2.11 0 3.818-1.79 3.818-4 0-.174-.012-.344-.033-.513 1.158-.687 1.943-1.99 1.943-3.484zm-6.616-3.334l-4.334 6.5c-.145.217-.382.334-.625.334-.143 0-.288-.04-.416-.126l-.115-.094-2.415-2.415c-.293-.293-.293-.768 0-1.06s.768-.294 1.06 0l1.77 1.767 3.825-5.74c.23-.345.696-.436 1.04-.207.346.23.44.696.21 1.04z"></path></g></svg></div><div class="memos__id">@' + memo.username + '</div></div><p>' + memoContREG + '</p></div><div class="memos__meta"><small class="memos__date">' + moment(data[i].createdTs * 1000).twitter() + ' • 来自「<a href="' + memo.host + 'm/' + data[i].id + '" target="_blank">Memos</a>」</small></div></div></li>'
    }
    var memoBefore = '<ul class="">'
    var memoAfter = '</ul>'
    resultAll = memoBefore + memoResult + memoAfter
    memoDom.insertAdjacentHTML('beforeend', resultAll);
    //取消这行注释解析豆瓣电影和豆瓣阅读
    // fetchDB()
    document.querySelector('button.button-load').textContent = '加载更多';
}
// Memos End

// 解析豆瓣 Start
// 文章内显示豆瓣条目 https://immmmm.com/post-show-douban-item/
// 解析豆瓣必须要API,请找朋友要权限,或自己按 https://github.com/eallion/douban-api-rs 这个架设 API,非常简单,资源消耗很少
// 已内置样式,修改 API 即可使用
function fetchDB() {
    var dbAPI = "https://api.example.com/";  // 修改为自己的 API
    var dbA = document.querySelectorAll(".timeline a[href*='douban.com/subject/']:not([rel='noreferrer'])") || '';
    if (dbA) {
        for (var i = 0; i < dbA.length; i++) {
            _this = dbA[i]
            var dbHref = _this.href
            var db_reg = /^https\:\/\/(movie|book)\.douban\.com\/subject\/([0-9]+)\/?/;
            var db_type = dbHref.replace(db_reg, "$1");
            var db_id = dbHref.replace(db_reg, "$2").toString();
            if (db_type == 'movie') {
                var this_item = 'movie' + db_id;
                var url = dbAPI + "movies/" + db_id;
                if (localStorage.getItem(this_item) == null || localStorage.getItem(this_item) == 'undefined') {
                    fetch(url).then(res => res.json()).then(data => {
                        let fetch_item = 'movies' + data.sid;
                        let fetch_href = "https://movie.douban.com/subject/" + data.sid + "/"
                        localStorage.setItem(fetch_item, JSON.stringify(data));
                        movieShow(fetch_href, fetch_item)
                    });
                } else {
                    movieShow(dbHref, this_item)
                }
            } else if (db_type == 'book') {
                var this_item = 'book' + db_id;
                var url = dbAPI + "v2/book/id/" + db_id;
                if (localStorage.getItem(this_item) == null || localStorage.getItem(this_item) == 'undefined') {
                    fetch(url).then(res => res.json()).then(data => {
                        let fetch_item = 'book' + data.id;
                        let fetch_href = "https://book.douban.com/subject/" + data.id + "/"
                        localStorage.setItem(fetch_item, JSON.stringify(data));
                        bookShow(fetch_href, fetch_item)
                    });
                } else {
                    bookShow(dbHref, this_item)
                }
            }
        }// for end
    }
}

function movieShow(fetch_href, fetch_item) {
    var storage = localStorage.getItem(fetch_item);
    var data = JSON.parse(storage);
    var db_star = Math.ceil(data.rating);
    var db_html = "<div class='post-preview'><div class='post-preview--meta'><div class='post-preview--middle'><h4 class='post-preview--title'><a target='_blank' rel='noreferrer' href='" + fetch_href + "'>《" + data.name + "》</a></h4><div class='rating'><div class='rating-star allstar" + db_star + "'></div><div class='rating-average'>" + data.rating + "</div></div><time class='post-preview--date'>导演:" + data.director + " / 类型:" + data.genre + " / " + data.year + "</time><section class='post-preview--excerpt'>" + data.intro.replace(/\s*/g, "") + "</section></div></div><img referrer-policy='no-referrer' loading='lazy' class='post-preview--image' src=" + data.img + "></div>"
    var db_div = document.createElement("div");
    var qs_href = ".timeline a[href='" + fetch_href + "']"
    var qs_dom = document.querySelector(qs_href)
    qs_dom.parentNode.replaceChild(db_div, qs_dom);
    db_div.innerHTML = db_html
}

function bookShow(fetch_href, fetch_item) {
    var storage = localStorage.getItem(fetch_item);
    var data = JSON.parse(storage);
    var db_star = Math.ceil(data.rating.average);
    var db_html = "<div class='post-preview'><div class='post-preview--meta'><div class='post-preview--middle'><h4 class='post-preview--title'><a target='_blank' rel='noreferrer' href='" + fetch_href + "'>《" + data.title + "》</a></h4><div class='rating'><div class='rating-star allstar" + db_star + "'></div><div class='rating-average'>" + data.rating.average + "</div></div><time class='post-preview--date'>作者:" + data.author + " </time><section class='post-preview--excerpt'>" + data.summary.replace(/\s*/g, "") + "</section></div></div><img referrer-policy='no-referrer' loading='lazy' class='post-preview--image' src=" + data.images.medium + "></div>"
    var db_div = document.createElement("div");
    var qs_href = ".timeline a[href='" + fetch_href + "']"
    var qs_dom = document.querySelector(qs_href)
    qs_dom.parentNode.replaceChild(db_div, qs_dom);
    db_div.innerHTML = db_html
}
// 解析豆瓣 End

// Images lightbox
window.ViewImage && ViewImage.init('.container img');

// Memos Total Start
// Get Memos total count
function getTotal() {
    var totalUrl = memos + "api/memo/stats?creatorId=" + memo.creatorId
    fetch(totalUrl).then(res => res.json()).then(resdata => {
        if (resdata.data) {
            var allnums = resdata.data.length
            var memosCount = document.getElementById('total');
            memosCount.innerHTML = allnums;
        }
    }).catch(err => {
        // Do something for an error here
    });
};
window.onload = getTotal();
// Memos Total End

源码在这里:memos.top,可能时常会更新变动。

整体样式是自己慢慢捏出来的,大多借鉴了 Twitter 的元素。

相对时间,用的是 Moment.js Twitter 风格的插件:moment.twitter.js

  • 7 天内的发布时间显示为相对时间:1 天前
  • 本年内的时间不显示年份:5月20日,13:14 • 中午
  • 去年及之前的时间显示为完整时间:2010年10月10日,10:10 • 上午

全站图片灯箱效果用的是 view-image.js 插件: view-image.min.js

  1. CSS 参考

参考:assets/css/style.css